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Nursing strategies for pressure injury prevention in surgical patients

Abstract

Objective: To identify in the literature the strategies used by nursing teams to prevent pressure injury in surgical patients. Methods: Integrative review, using the PICo strategy, with the guiding question: “What are the strategies used by the nursing team to prevent pressure injury in surgical patients?” The searches were performed in the Web of Science, MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus and LILACS bibliographic index via VHL, from where 12 studies were analyzed. Results: Brazil stood out with four publications and cohort studies, with level of evidence IV, prevailed in six articles. Technological interventions for the prevention of Pressure Injury in the operating room were pressure distribution mattresses, a device to reduce pressure on the calcaneus, specific validated instruments for the classification of the risk of Pressure Injury in surgical patients, in addition to support surfaces containing polymer viscoelastic and other tools to relieve pressure from weight and medical devices. Regarding educational interventions, protocols, training and realistic simulation stood out. Conclusion: It was observed that these strategies reduced the incidence of pressure injury, in addition to reducing costs and ensuring patient satisfaction.
ENG PORT (Português (Brasil))

Author Biography

Sandra Marina Gonçalves Bezerra

Doutora em enfermagem e  Estomaterapeuta - TiSobest

Professora Adjunta da Universidade Estadual do Piauí

Coordenadora da Especialização em Estomaterapia - UESPI

Coordenadora operacional do DINTER UFPI/UESPI

Internacional Delegate Sobest WCET

Jessyca Fernanda Pereira Brito

Enfermeira pela Universidade Estadual do Piauí.

Jefferson Abraão Caetano Lira

Enfermeiro  pela Universidade Estadual do Piauí.

Nanielle Silva Barbosa

Enfermeira  pela Universidade Estadual do Piauí.

Kauan Gustavo de Carvalho

Enfermeiro pela Universidade Estadual do Piauí.

Luana Silva de Sousa

Enfermeira. Universidade Estadual do Piauí.

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