Occurrence of pressure injury in patients hospitalized in a school hospital

Authors

  • Juliana Magali Barbosa Universidade do Vale do Sapucaí
  • Geraldo Magela Salomé Universidade do Vale do Sapucaí

Keywords:

Pressure injury, Risk measurement, Nursing care, Stomatherapy

Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the occurrence and risk factors for the development of pressure injury (PI) in patients admitted in medical and surgical clinics and in observation at the emergency room of a university hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive-exploratory, epidemiological study. Patients were assessed by physical examination three times a week for two consecutive months between June and November 2016. Results: the frequency of PI was 29% (n = 9) in the medical clinic, 16% (n = 4) in the surgical clinic and 53.8%(n = 7) in observation at the emergency room. According to the Braden scale, seven (30.4%) patients in the medical clinic presented high risk and two (25%) moderate risk; three (27.3%) patients from the surgical clinic presented a high risk and one (7.1%) moderate risk; and seven (58.3%) patients in observation at the emergency room were high risk. The risk factors associated with the participants who developed PI were: restriction in the bed, use of catheters or devices, vasoactive drug, diaper, mechanical ventilation, sedatives, unconsciousness, food fasting and hospitalization time over 10 days. Conclusion: there was a high frequency of PI in the medical and surgical clinics and in observation at the emergency room. Most patients were high risk for developing PI.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Juliana Magali Barbosa, Universidade do Vale do Sapucaí

Estudante de Enfermagem, Universidade do Vale do Sapucaí (UNIVÁS)

Geraldo Magela Salomé, Universidade do Vale do Sapucaí

Enfermeiro, Doutor em Ciências pela Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Professor Adjunto do Curso de Mestrado Profissional Ciências Aplicadas à Saúde, UNIVÁS, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brasil

Published

2018-11-07

How to Cite

1.
Barbosa JM, Salomé GM. Occurrence of pressure injury in patients hospitalized in a school hospital. ESTIMA [Internet]. 2018 Nov. 7 [cited 2021 Nov. 27];16. Available from: https://www.revistaestima.com.br/estima/article/view/523

Issue

Section

Original article