RISK OF INJURY DEVELOPMENT DUE TO SURGICAL POSITIONING: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Authors

  • Aline Coutinho Sento Sé Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – Hospital Federal Cardoso Fontes – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9301-0379
  • Eduarda Borges dos Santos Oliveira Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8105-8359
  • Lorena Lourenço Massarra de Lima Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3023-3089
  • Raquel Costa e Silva de Oliveira Hospital Federal Cardoso Fontes – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0260-2024
  • Gesiane dos Santos Trivino Hospital Federal Cardoso Fontes – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7809-9395
  • Ivanete de Souza Lobato Hospital Federal Cardoso Fontes – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0601-2868
  • Flavia de Melo Medeiros Hospital Federal Cardoso Fontes – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.
  • Luana Cardoso Pestana Hospital Federal Cardoso Fontes – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2629-8584
  • Raquel Calado da Silva Gonçalves Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – Hospital Federal Cardoso Fontes – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0158-5031
  • Eduardo Ferreira Gonçalves Universidade Estácio de Sá – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.
  • Vera Lúcia Freitas Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1324-5640

Abstract

Objective: To classify the risk of developing injury due to surgical positioning. Method: Observational, longitudinal, prospective study with a quantitative approach carried out in a public hospital, with 135 patients undergoing elective surgery. Instruments containing sociodemographic, clinical, and surgical characteristics and a risk assessment scale for the development of injuries due to surgical positioning were used. Descriptive analysis, Fisher’s exact test or χ2 test and odds ratio association measure were used as appropriate. Results: Most participants were male (51.11%), adults (52.59%) and were classified as having a higher risk for developing injuries due to surgical positioning (51.85%). Elderly, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and urological surgeries were statistically significant (p < 0.05) for a higher risk of developing lesions. The incidence of pressure injuries was 0.74%, with observation only in the sacral region. Conclusion: There was a greater risk of developing lesions due to surgical positioning and low incidence of pressure injury. Perioperative nursing should incorporate validated risk measurement tools into care practice for safe, individualized and quality care for surgical patients.

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Published

2023-06-02

How to Cite

1.
Sé ACS, Oliveira EB dos S, Lima LLM de, Oliveira RC e S de, Trivino G dos S, Lobato I de S, et al. RISK OF INJURY DEVELOPMENT DUE TO SURGICAL POSITIONING: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY. ESTIMA [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 2 [cited 2024 Mar. 5];21. Available from: https://www.revistaestima.com.br/estima/article/view/1344

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Original article