CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS SUBMITTED TO LOWER LIMB AMPUTATION

Authors

  • Alessandra dos Santos de Araújo Rodrigues Universidade Estadual do Piauí – Campus Drª Josefina Demes – Floriano/PI – Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9999-5105
  • Andréa Pereira da Silva Universidade Federal do Piauí – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem – Teresina /PI – Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6053-1338
  • Adelzira Rodrigues Cardoso Universidade Estadual do Piauí – Campus Drª Josefina Demes – Floriano/PI – Brazil.
  • Augusto Cezar Antunes de Araujo Filho Universidade Estadual do Piauí – Campus Drª Josefina Demes – Floriano/PI – Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3998-2334
  • Kamilla Rocha Arrais Universidade Estadual do Piauí – Campus Drª Josefina Demes – Floriano/PI – Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5937-3798
  • Juan Victor da Silva Universidade Estadual do Piauí – Campus Drª Josefina Demes – Floriano/PI – Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6459-4723
  • Maiara Soares Gomes da Silva Universidade Estadual do Piauí – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem – Teresina /PI – Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3586-1639
  • Rosilane de Lima Brito Magalhães Universidade Federal do Piauí – Campus Drª Josefina Demes – Floriano/PI – Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9695-1350

Abstract

Objective: To characterize the clinical and epidemiological profile of patients undergoing lower limb amputation in a public hospital in southern Piauí state, Brazil. Method: Retrospective and descriptive study, with document analysis and quantitative approach. Data collection took place in July and August 2021, using an instrument developed by the researchers. Data were processed using the statistical software Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 20.0. Results: The sample consisted of 70 patients with a mean age of 65.59 years, most of them male (61.4%), brown (88.6%), married (48.3%), retired (42.9%), coming from other cities of Piauí (87.1%). Most patients (47.1%) had a comorbidity at the time of amputation, with diabetes mellitus (34.3%) being the most prevalent, followed by systemic arterial hypertension (12.9%). Diabetes was the main cause of amputation (48.6%), being the transfemoral level (42.9%) the most affected. All procedures were performed on an emergency basis, and most hospitalizations (94.3%) progressed to discharge. Conclusion: The findings of this study reveal that people with diabetes, males, and the elderly were the individuals who most underwent amputation, with the transfemoral level being the most performed.

 

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References

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Published

2022-06-01 — Updated on 2022-06-04

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dos Santos de Araújo Rodrigues A, Pereira da Silva A, Rodrigues Cardoso A, de Araujo Filho ACA, Rocha Arrais K, da Silva JV, Soares Gomes da Silva M, de Lima Brito Magalhães R. CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS SUBMITTED TO LOWER LIMB AMPUTATION. ESTIMA [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 4 [cited 2022 Jul. 5];20. Available from: https://www.revistaestima.com.br/estima/article/view/1212

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