Clinical and sociodemographic analysis of people with ostomies: a cross-sectional study

Ravena Rieelly Araujo Moura, Eliete Albano Azevedo Guimarães, Juliano Teixeira Moraes


Objectives: To analyze clinical and sociodemographic aspects of people with ostomies in the state of Minas Gerais. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 54 municipalities in 2016. Data were collected from 418 people with ostomies, registered from a structured questionnaire. Descriptive data analysis, the Pearson chi-square test and the Bonferroni correction were performed. Results: The majority of people with ostomies are elderly, male, have low schooling and low wage income. Colorectal malignant neoplasia was the main cause and 14.3% were treated with chemotherapy. Part of the ostomies is of the regular standing permanent colostomy type. The main complication highlighted is dermatitis, and 45.5% are not able to develop self-care. The type of ostomy was significantly associated with stomatal permanence, marital status and income (p <0.05). Conclusion: People with ostomies need assistance related to self-care orientation, prevention and treatment of their complications.


Palavras-chave


Ostomy; Health profi le; Health services; Health evaluation; Nursing; Stomatherapy

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Direitos autorais 2018 Revista Estima

 
SOBEST - Associação Brasileira de Estomaterapia: Estomias, Feridas e Incontinências
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