Risk for friction injury in long-lived elderly in primary health care

Francisco Reis Tristão, Juliana Balbinot Reis Girondi, Karina Silveira de Almeida Hammerschmidt, Cilene Fernandes Soares, Tatiana Martins, Daniella Karine de Souza Lima


Objective: To identify the risks for the development of friction injury (FI) in long-lived elderly in primary health care. Methods: Descriptive research of quantitative approach. Participants were 42 elderly aged 80 years or more. Conducted structured interview
and applied form. Simple descriptive analysis was realized by means of the absolute and relative frequency of the variables. Verified the level of signifi cance between the most frequent clinical factors and sociodemographic factors: age, ethnicity and gender, using the chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. The contingency coeffi cient was performed with the parameters: c ≥ 0.750 = strong association; 0.500 to 0.749 = moderate association; ≤ 0.499 = weak association. Results: Age ranged from 80 to 100 years, prevailing between 80 and 85 years (59.5%), 28 (66.7%) women, 38 (90.5%) white and 30 (71.4%) with incomplete first degree. In 41 elderly patients (97.6%), there were dermatological alterations related to the risk for FI (dry skin, senile blemish, ecchymosis and edema). Age was the demographic factor with the highest association with clinical fi ndings (p = 0.0397). Conclusion: Faced with these fi ndings, it becomes imperative that nurses be equipped with scientifi c knowledge, which allow them to propose care capable of controlling the risk factors for FI development.

 


Palavras-chave


Geriatric nursing; Nursing care; Primary health care; Elderly with 80 years or more; Stomatherapy

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